Raffles Institution

Year 1-4 Sexuality Education in RI



  •    

    (updated 18 January 2017)

     

    Moe Sexuality Education in Schools

    1. Sexuality Education (SEd) in schools is about enabling students to understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy and rewarding relationships including those with members of the opposite sex, and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

     

    2. The goals of Sexuality Education are to:

    (i) To help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activity;

    (ii) To help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

    (iii) To help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

     

    3. The key messages of Sexuality Education are:

     

    (i) Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;

    (ii) Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);

    (iii) Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and

    (iv) Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

     

    You may click here for more information on MOE Sexuality Education. 

     

    OVERVIEW OF RAFFLES INSTITUTION'S SEXUALITY EDUCATION PROGRAMME FOR 2017

    4. Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for Sexuality Education is grouped into five main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of Sexuality Education in the school curriculum.

     

    5. The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:

    a) Science

    b) Character and Citizenship Education (CCE)

     

     

    Growing Years (GY) Programme

    i. “The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

    ii. “Sense & Sexuality (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

    6. The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance can be overwhelmingly strong, and hinder one’s ability to act responsibly. Given the pressures faced by the middle adolescent from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.

    7. Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sexuality” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age.

     

    At RAFFLES INSTITUTION, the following lessons from the Growing Years Programme will be taught in 2017:

     

    Year 1

     UNIT   Lessons/Duration  Lesson Objectives
    At the end of the lesson, Students
    will be able to
     Time Period
    The Real Self (Part 1) 1 (40 mins) • know how one’s perception of his body is linked to personal experiences and the sources of information that are taken in
    • recognise that one’s self-perception is influenced by his perception of his body
    • know strategies to develop healthy/positive perception of one’s body.
    Term 3 Week 10
    Lessons about Love (Part 1) 2 (40 mins) • recognise the importance of cultivating friendships with members of the same and opposite sex
    • recognise what constitutes healthy and unhealthy relationships
    • recognise the influence of peers on oneself and one’s value system
    • distinguish between various types of love
    • know that the underlying value for healthy relationships is respect
    Term 3 Week 10 & Term 4 Week 1
    “Familiar” Strangers Alert (Part 1) 3 (40 mins) • reflect on the reasons for people to use social networking sites to make friends or to engage their existing friends
    • know the usefulness and dangers of making friends over social networking platforms
    • recognise that the media can influence the way people think, feel and behave
    • identify ways to protect themselves from negative influences from the media
    Term 4 Week 1

     

    Year 2

     UNIT   Lessons/Duration  Lesson Objectives
    At the end of the lesson, Students
    will be able to
     Time Period
     At the Crossroads (Part 1) 9 (60 mins) • describe what pornography is, and why people view pornographic materials
    • examine the effects of pornography on self and others
    • know what masturbation is, and its relation to pornography
    • recognise the harmful consequences of excessive masturbation
    • recognise that they are able to make responsible decisions to manage their sexual desires
    • know appropriate sources to obtain accurate information about sex
    Term 4 Week 2
     At the Crossroads (Part 2) 10 (60 mins)  • know/define what gender role is
    • know the influence of family, culture and society on one’s perception of his/her gender role
    • appreciate/ affirm one’s own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female
    • know/define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
    • recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation
    Term 4 Week 3
    'Familiar' Strangers Alert (Part 1)
    5 (30 mins)
    • know the physiological, psychological and social impact of sexual abuse on the individual
    • recognise the provision of Singapore laws that serve to protect teenagers from sexual perpetrators and persecute those who have committed such crimes
    • identify sources to seek help and support
    Term 4 Week 4
    'Familiar' Strangers Alert (Part 2) 7 (30 mins) • know what is considered pornographic material on the Internet under the Internet code of practice
    • reflect on the legal consequences of sexual behaviour and include these considerations in their decision-making pertaining to pornography
    Term 4 Week 4

     

    Year 3

     UNIT   Lessons/Duration  Lesson Objectives
    At the end of the lesson, Students
    will be able to
     Time Period
    Lessons about Love (Part 1) 1 (80 mins) • recognise the importance of developing a friendship before committing to a romantic relationship
    • recognise what dating involves
    • know the different levels of physical intimacy in a relationship
    • know that certain public displays of affection are not considered appropriate behaviour in our society
    • recognise that it is important to seek their family’s views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating and romantic relationships in teenage years
    Term 3 Week 6,8
    Lessons about Love (Part 3) 2 (80 mins) • recognise differences in perspectives of dating and romantic relationships
    • evaluate one’s readiness for romantic relationships
    • recognise challenges that occur in the context of a relationship
    • examine how our response to emotions can affect relationships positively or negatively
    Term 3 Week 9 & Term 4 Week 1
    Lessons about Love (Part 2) 7 (40 mins)
    & 8 (40 mins)
    • recognise the sources of temptation and situations that lead to pre-marital sex
    • resist pressure to engage in sexual activities
    • know the consequences of engaging in pre-marital sex
    • recognise that respect and responsible decision making are important in relationships
    • recognise the value of sexual abstinence
    • identify sources to seek help and support when faced with teenage pregnancy
    Term 4 Week 2 & 3

     

    Year 4

     UNIT   Lessons/Duration  Lesson Objectives
    At the end of the lesson, Students
    will be able to
     Time Period
    At the Crossroads (Part 2) 8 (80 mins) • distinguish between biologically-based and socially-conditioned gender characteristics
    • evaluate views towards self and others, with regard to gender differences and stereotypes
    Term 2 Week 5 & 6
    Lessons about Love (Part 4a) 6 (80 mins) • explain the process of grief and loss that people experience when a relationship breaks down
    • exercise sensitivity and empathy when communicating break-ups
    • recognise that one can emerge stronger after a break-up
    Term 2 Week 8 & 9
    Lessons about Love (Part 4b) 9 (40 mins) • recognise that commitment is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage
    • identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in marriages
    Term 3 Week 

     

    E-Teens Programme

    8. eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students to provide them with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective. eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme.

     

    9. Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure. They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family. Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages. The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

     

    At Raffles Institution, the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2017:

    Topics/Lessons Programme Learning Objectives Time Period
    Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor • Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS
    • Modes of transmission
    • Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used
    • Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV
    Term 3 Week 9
    Classroom-based Lesson 1 (incorporated into the Y3 SEd lessons): Decision-Making {Note: Decision-making will be covered in lessons on pre-marital sex, abortion, abstinence, and self control.) • Understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse
    • Realise that decision-making is a process that can be learnt
    • Understand that one needs correct and accurate information to make the right decisions regarding one’s sexual health
    • Learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health
    Term 4 Week 2
    Classroom-based Lesson 2 (incorporated into the Y3 SEd lessons): Assertiveness {Note: Assertiveness will be covered in the lessons on pre-marital sex, abortion, abstinence, and self control.) • Understand what assertive behaviour is
    • Practise responding to persuasion assertively
    Term 4 Week 2 & 3
    Classroom-based Lesson 3 (incorporated into the Y3 SEd lessons): Negotiation {Note: Negotiation will be covered in the lessons on pre-marital sex, abortion, abstinence, and self control.) • Practise negotiating one’s way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2
    • Learn risk reduction for STIs/HIV and assess situations to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour
    Term 4 Week 3

     

    Information For Parents

    10. Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or supplementary sexuality education programmes by MOE-approved external providers.

     

    11. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete this opt-out form. This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year. A hardcopy of the completed form, duly signed, is to be submitted to the school.

     

    12. Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeens programme need to complete this opt-out form. This form will also be distributed to parents at the start of the year. A hardcopy of the completed form, duly signed, is to be submitted to the school.

     

    13. Parents can contact the school at comms[at]ri.edu.sg or 64199242 for discussion or to seek clarification about the school’s sexuality education programme.

     

    14. Parents who wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes, should also contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.